بررسی جایگاه تئوری‌های معماری منظر جهان در پروژه‌های حرفه‌ای معماری منظر ایران

نویسندگان

1 دکتری معماری منظر، دانشیار دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، تهران، ایران

2 (کارشناسی ارشد معماری، واحد قزوین، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین، قزوین)

چکیده

 
پژوهش حاضر با مطالعه عمیق نظریات و رویکردها پیرامون حوزه‌های منظر، سعی در تحلیل، اولویت‌بندی و ارزیابی و نیز بررسی جایگاه آن در پروژه‌های حرفه‌ای معماری منظر معاصر ایران دارد. در همین راستا با دسته‌بندی نظریه‌های موجود در شش رویکرد (مفهوم و معنا؛ زیبایی شناسی؛ اجتماعی- فرهنگی؛ طبیعت و اکولوژی؛ طراحی، فرم، عملکرد و برنامه‌ریزی و فرآیند طراحی)، به تحلیل و ارزیابی آنها پرداخته خواهد شد. لازم به توضیح است که این مطالعه در دو بخش انجام می‌شود، بخش اول به روش کیفی نظریه زمینه‌ای[1]، که با استفاده از کدگذاری مفاهیم به تحلیل نظریات می‌پردازد، صورت می‌گیرد. در بخش دوم با رویکردی تطبیقی، معیارهای استخراج شده از بخش اول، در معماری منظر معاصر ایران مورد تحلیل و ارزیابی قرار می‌گیرد. نتایج حاکی از آن است که در پروژه‌های حرفه‌ای معماری منظر کشور، کاستی‌هایی در رابطه با شش مقوله فوق وجود دارد، به طوری که در مسائلی همچون اتصال منظر به معماری، ادراک منظر، انعطاف پذیری و برنامه‌دهی منظر، تلاش چندانی صورت نگرفته است، اما به مواردی از جمله الگوها، نمادها، سنت، نظم و هندسه به نحو مطلوبی پرداخته می‌شود. بنابراین با گام برداشتن در راستای جبران این کمبودها می‌توان موجبات رشد و پیشرفت این رشته را در همه ابعاد، فراهم کرد.
 



[1] Grounded Theory

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Status of Landscape Architecture Theories of the World in the Professional Landscape Architecture Projects of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Khakzand 1
  • koorosh Aghabozorgi 2
1 (PhD), Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture, Iran University of Science and technology, Tehran, Iran
2 MA in architecture, Qazvin Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran
چکیده [English]

By studying theories and approaches regarding landscape, this study analyzes, prioritizes, and evaluates landscapes and investigates their positions in the professional architecture projects of contemporary landscapes in Iran. In this regard, the current theories will be classified into six approaches: concept and meaning, aesthetic, social-cultural, nature and ecology, designing, form, function, planning and the process of designing and they will be analyzed accordingly. It should be noted that this study will be carried out at two levels; at the qualitative method level which is based on the grounded theory that analyzes theories by encoding concepts. At the second level, a comparative approach is used in which the extracted criteria from level one will be evaluated in the contemporary landscape architecture of Iran. The results suggest that there are some drawbacks regarding the aforementioned categories in the professional architecture projects of landscape in the country, in a way that in issues such as connecting landscape with architecture, perceiving landscape, flexibility and planning landscape no attempt has been ever made, but the cases of patterns, symbols, tradition, order and geometry are going to be investigated favorably. Therefore, by making effort to compensate for the mentioned shortcomings we can have a considerable development in all of the cited dimensions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • landscape architecture
  • theory of landscape
  • Grounded Theory
  • professional landscape projects
  • Iran
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