عنوان مقاله [English]
A variety of effects and functions have been enumerated for urban green and natural spaces, one of which is to increase the interaction of residents and neighbors. This issue is so important that today attention to the nature and green spaces of the city as well as the implementation of policies which release the people of the cities from problems such as isolation and cause residents to relate to each other, are of the most important tasks of the urban institutions and this is an important indicator for improving the life quality and community development. In this research, two residential complexes of Ekbatan in Tehran and Pardisan in Qom have been selected as the case study and the purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of nature on neighborhood relations in these two residential complexes. The method is descriptive – analytical and the results of the study showed that concerning the neighborhood relations, Ekbatan Residential Complex score was 3.08 and the score of Pardisan Residential Complex was 2.66. Also, in evaluating the satisfaction of nature and green spaces, Ekbatan and Pardisan scores were 3.81 and 2.61 respectively. In this survey, regarding the relationship between the two variables of nature with neighboring interactions, the Pearson Correlation test results showed a positive and significant correlation between these two variables, so that the overall coefficiency estimate was 0.669. This value was found in Ekbatan to be 0.684 and in Pardisan 0.516, which indicates a stronger relationship between these two variables in Ekbatan Residential Complex. Finally, in assessing the impact of nature and green spaces on neighborhood interactions in residential complexes, the coefficient of determination for Ekbatan and Pardisan were 0.384 and 0.717 respectively. Totally, the findings obtained from the results of 383 questionnaires were used to determine the coefficient of error with a 0.000 error value of 0.627, which confirmed the positive effects of nature and green spaces on neighborhoods and interactions.