عنوان مقاله [English]
In 1989 according to the bilateral agreement signed by the two neighboring countries of Iran and the ex-soviet union was reopened the border exchange nationals was resumed. The Astara border in Gilan province, was among the borders that following the Soviet collapse and the independence of Azerbaijan was reopened and the two sides started exporting and importing goods, freight and tourists. The present article seeks to demonstrate what changes have affected the function of political border and what influences did this opening had on the city space in Astra across the last twenty years. Descriptive research methods - data analysis and library and field methods (View) collection and analysis has been used to answer the proposed research questions. The results indicate the time of opening of the political borders; border trade, the nationals transport between the two countries, transit of goods and luggage trade, construction sites and commercial services such as hotels and shopping, infrastructure development such as communication networks have all caused changes in the physical space of Astara city. Furthermore, it was found that in case the current projects meet the stated project due time, there will be huge economical and social changes ahead of this area.